What you need to know about Ebola

September 30, 2014 10:13 PM

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What you need to know about Ebola

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe, often fatal hemorrhagic disease that first appeared in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks. One outbreak was in Sudan and the other was in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in a village near the Ebola River -- from which the disease got its name. The Ebola pandemic in West Africa began in a small Guinea village in March 2014, and is the largest and most complex outbreak of the disease since it was discovered. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Ebola kills about 50 percent of people who become infected, but past outbreaks have seen fatality rates of up to 90 percent.

Humans are not the natural host of Ebola virus, and according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the disease has been introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, organs or bodily fluids of infected animals like chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, m...

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