The official name of the UK is the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland’. Great Britain is the collective name given to the countries of England, Scotland and Wales. Whatever happens September 18, growing demands for more regional autonomy will reshape the UK.
Conquered in 1282 “If Scotland votes yes, the genie is out of the bottle,” says Leanne Wood, leader of Wales’s nationalist party Plaid Cymru. Only 1 in 10 Welsh voters supports independence, but Wood thinks that could change. “The tectonic plates of the United Kingdom are shifting.”