FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An Italian toddler thought cured of HIV with early aggressive treatment following birth has suffered a relapse, his doctors report. The 3-year-old child's viral levels of HIV rebounded two weeks after doctors took him off antiretroviral medications, according to a case report published in the Oct. 4 issue of The Lancet. The child's HIV levels had been undetectable since he was 6 months old due to aggressive drug therapy that doctors started within 12 hours of his birth.
This is the second time that a child believed "cured" of HIV with early treatment has suffered a relapse once they stopped taking antiretroviral medication. In July, a 4-year-old Mississippi girl relapsed after living HIV-free for more than two years without medication.