The first scientific journals appeared in the late 17th century, when exclusive groups of scientists in Britain and France began recording their results for posterity. Only select aristocrats could participate in the endeavor of research, and their social circles were formalized in organizations like the Royal Society. Science was closed to the public.
Since then very little has changed. Societies for science still only accept well-established scientists who pay large membership dues. Journals of science are still only distributed to and read by paying subscribers: research institutions and rich scientists. Science communication is outdated.