An international research team has identified the genes that could have played a role in the domestication of horses. The researchers have established links between ancient and modern horses. The stint required the researchers to sequence the genomes of both modern horses and their ancient counterparts. At the end of the study, the researchers reached at the conclusion that at least 125 specific genes were majorly involved in horse domestication. And this domestication process did not happen overnight, but took around 5,500 years.
The study also found that horse domestication also had a negative effect on horses as high levels of gene mutations have accumulated within the modern horse population.