A new species of prehistoric flying reptile has been discovered in a vast graveyard of dinosaur fossils in southern Brazil. The newfound species, Caiuajara dobruskii, belongs to an ancient order of winged creatures known as pterosaurs. C. dobruskii had a crested head that looked like the wing of a butterfly and its wingspan reached nearly eight feet, or 2.4 meters, across, according to a study published Wednesday in the scientific journal Plos One.
Pterosaurs were a Cretaceous period reptile that lived some 228 to 66 million years ago. They were the first vertebrates to have evolved power flight and ranged in size from just 10 inches across to over 35 feet, making them the largest flying animals that ever lived.