Osteoarthritis, which is the most common form of arthritis, is a progressive disorder caused by the breakdown of cartilage that cushions the joints. Osteoarthritis involves the entire joint, including the cartilage, joint lining, ligaments and underlying bone. In addition to reducing joint mobility, osteoarthritis causes pain, stiffness and weakness that can negatively impact an individual’s ability to perform routine tasks and consequently reduce his or her overall quality of life. According to the Arthritis Foundation, an estimated 27 million individuals in the United States have some degree of osteoarthritis.
Although osteoarthritis can occur in individuals of any age, its incidence increases with age, especially in those 65 years and older. In fact, osteoarthritis is considered the leading cause of disability among elderly individuals. Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint, but the most commonly affecte...
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