January 2006 — Hamas overwhelmingly wins legislative elections over Fatah. The two form a coalition government with Mahmoud Abbas of Fatah as president and Hamas’ Ismail Haniyeh as prime minister.
June 2007 — Hamas ousts Fatah and takes over the Gaza Strip in a bloody battle, leading to the dissolution of the unity government. Abbas declares a state of emergency, forms a new Cabinet without Hamas and outlaws the movement’s armed wing.
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