DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Iranians are to vote Friday in the country’s first elections since the Islamic Republic sealed a landmark deal with the United States and other world powers over its disputed nuclear program last year. It is also the first nationwide vote since moderate President Hassan Rouhani was elected in 2013 by promising to boost the economy, improve ties with the outside world and ease social restrictions at home.
The Iranian Revolution of 1979 that toppled the U.S.-backed shah led to the creation of what is known as the Islamic Republic of Iran. As the name suggests, the government has both theocratic and democratic elements.
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