Chagall, Picasso, Ensor, Kokoshka… During Hitler's era, Jews were not the Nazis' only victims. Artworks suffered as well, especially the art that Hitler considered "degenerate." Today, an exhibition set up in Liege, Belgium is showcasing artworks that artists under the Third Reich refused to modify according to the Fuhrer’s will. For this, they paid the price of exile from German soil.
By 1933 the German minister of propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, had already outlined the guidelines that artists were expected to follow if they wanted to avoid being censored. The regime branded works that defied these limits "entartete Kunst," or “degenerate art.”