Scientists are already aware that air temperatures have been steadily rising since the 1800’s, resulting in the rapid melting of glaciers. The weighty glaciers covering Iceland have up until recently been pushing down on the land. Now that the ice is melting, pressure on the ground is being released, and the land is actually rising – at a rate of 1.4 inches per year.
Now geologists are concerned that these effects may result in increased volcanic activity or earthquakes in the country, which could be potentially disastrous, and not just to Iceland itself. There are a number of active volcanoes in the country, such as the Eyjafjallajökull and the Bárðarbunga.