Antarctic Midge Has Tiniest Insect Genome to Date in Order to Survive Harsh, Icy Conditions

August 13, 2014 11:04 AM

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Scientists may have just found the smallest insect genome to date--and it's in Antarctica. Researchers have sequenced the genome of the Antarctic midge and believe that its comparatively tiny genome could be the reason why it can survive under harsh living conditions.

The midge is a small, wingless fly that spends most of its two-year larval stage frozen within the Antarctic ice. Once it finally grows into an adult, it has only 10 days to mate and lay eggs before it dies.

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